What are the Limitations of Surgical Robotics?

As a specialist in the surgical robotics sector, it might not seem like the best idea to be talking about its’ limitations. But every day I’m speaking to candidates and clients who are running into these objections to utilising a robotic solution.

Let it be noted that I think robotics are the future, in surgery and everywhere else. We’re just clearly not at a point yet where everyone is totally comfortable with a robotic solution in the OR.


The first issue that many companies in the robotics space lament is getting buy in from surgeons and hospitals. This means actually convincing hospitals to use the technology in the first place. After all, if you have an incredibly well trained, highly paid surgeon on hand to do the work – why buy in an even more expensive robot?

That being said, adoption is increasing. Over a third of US hospitals now have at least one surgical robot, the majority of which are Intuitive Surgical’s Da Vinci (you can read more about some alternatives here).

Another reason for increased usage could be the younger generation’s willingness to use the technology. According to this article, these more junior physicians are practicing with the Da Vinci in their spare time.


Lack of Clear Benefits & Data (For now)

Business (and therefore hospitals) make decisions based on data driven analysis and price (which we’ll come to next). Whilst robots have been in the OR for some time now, the amount of data compared to traditional approaches from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) pales in comparison.

This means it can be easier to justify continuing to use proven techniques in the OR with data intensive research but this is changing all the time. New studies, products and data are backing up the technology with hard facts all the time.

Observers are already recognising that the minimally invasive robotic procedures reduce the risk of infection and speed up recovery due to their ability to access hard-to-reach areas in the body that surgeons are unable to.



Believe it or not, huge robots that are able to assist with or carry out complex medical procedures are expensive. Very expensive. Costs are offset by patients having to spend less time recovering from procedures but the costs of acquiring, operating and maintaining the robot still make per-patient costs higher.

However, conversely, this cost would drop if robotic surgical solutions were more widely adopted. Also, as more competitors emerge and the market itself matures, up-front costs are sure to come down. The aforementioned wider adoption of the systems from younger surgeons and residents currently using the robots in their training will lead to a drive for future generations of physicians to use the technology more widely.



We’ve been more than happy to embrace technological change and assistance in virtually every aspect of our life in the last decade. If we’re not googling obscure facts, we’re asking Alexa to book restaurants or order Ubers. Our trust in AI and robots to complete menial tasks is increasing but asking a robot to perform a hysterectomy or remove a gall bladder is still an alien concept for many.

There have also been reported issues with some surgical procedures. For example, device and instrument malfunctions such as burnt/ broken pieces of instrumentation or the need for a system reboot have, and do, happen. More info can be found in this report studying FDA data.

However, it’s important not to be blinded by this. Whilst it can be difficult to digest, human error also causes mistakes and costs lives in surgical procedures every day. At least we can run diagnostics on the machines and tweak them. It’s much harder to go back and see what went wrong if a surgeon makes an error.

I’m really proud to be working with companies who are right at the cutting edge of technology. In any new technology teething problems are always expected but, as I’ve hopefully outlined here, none of the above issues are insurmountable.

The consensus from my (admittedly bias) candidates and clients is that the future is bright, and that adoption is increasing. I’d be really interested to hear your stories or thoughts about this brave new world in surgical technology. Feel free to get involved in the comments!

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